Without Borders: Expanding Study Abroad Opportunities for DACAmented Students

This summer I had the opportunity to return to my Alma matter, the University of California Berkeley to intern with the Undocumented Student Program (USP). USP is one of the first and few programs in California and across the country dedicated entirely to provide holistic services and programs for undocumented students- who were mostly brought to the US at very early ages by their parents- . Not only does USP provide academic counseling, legal support, financial aid resources and an extensive campus referral network but it also strives to increase the access and retention of this student population in higher education, by forming partnerships with administrative, academic and student affairs offices across the university and local organizations.

My interest to support and work with this student population developed on the second year of my Student Affairs Administration and Public Administration dual Masters programs, as I focused most of my academic assignments, research and presentations on the unique needs and challenges faced by undocumented students. Through my research, I have learned that most undocumented students have high academic performance, high civic engagement in their communities, and while most people erroneously see undocumented students as a monolithic group, they actually come from a wide array of geographical areas and ethnicities. The diversity of this student population is not only reflected on their ethnicities but also on their identities which intersect, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, academic performance, and others. Furthermore, in addition to the challenges faced by regular college students as they navigate through institutions of higher education, undocumented students find themselves in unique circumstances that add challenges to their academic and professional journeys, such as, living in constant fear of being deported or having family members deported, higher levels of stress and anxiety, lack of resources to finance their education, social stigma and others.

Even though I was becoming an informed scholar and future professional through my research on undocumented students, I felt that my research was not doing anything to help them, for this reason I decided to use my internship to work on practical projects that would help and benefit this student population. Thus, after a couple of talks with USP’s Director, Meng So, I was offered the opportunity to intern with USP, becoming their first intern for the program. The main project for my internship was to write a grant proposal to apply for a grant from the University of California Education Abroad Program that seeks to increase the participation of historically underrepresented groups in study abroad programs. Prior to the implementation of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)- a legislation that provides discretionary and temporary relief from deportation to qualifying individuals, along with an employment authorization- undocumented students were excluded from study abroad programs due to their legal status. The opportunity to study abroad was expanded to include DACAmented (DACA recipients) students three years ago through Advance Parole, an administrative practice that allows DACAmented students to re-entry the country after temporary travel for humanitarian, educational or employment purposes. Our proposal seeks to increase the institutional knowledge and cultural competency of the main stakeholders involved on the study abroad process, such as the study abroad office, financial aid, academic advisors and students. USP’s goal is to use the grant to hire a graduate assistant to conduct research, collect quantitative and qualitative data and to develop informational materials to increase awareness about DACA, Advance Parole and study abroad opportunities for DACAmented students.

My other project with USP was to develop informational materials. I was in charge of designing infographics to inform undocumented students about the opportunities and resources available to study abroad and about the Advance Parole application process. Additionally, I used quantitative data collected by USP to develop a report that visually shows the demographics of the students being served by USP, which will be used when presenting and talking about USP to different stakeholders.

Being able to intern with USP was a great opportunity because not only did I learned a lot about undocumented students, DACA, Advance Parole and USP’s efforts to support this student population but I was also able to gain new skills such as grant writing and turning quantitative and qualitative data into easier to read and understand infographics. Furthermore, working for USP gave me the opportunity to put theory from the MPA and the MSAA into practice, such as having a better understanding of Cal’s organizational structure and undocumented students developmental needs and being able to collaborate across different offices and departments. Additionally, I was able to enjoy California’s beautiful weather while catching up with old friends, trying new restaurants in Berkeley, Oakland and San Francisco, biking across the Golden Gate Bridge, running around the Bay or simply walking around campus.

Lastly, I want to send a special thank you to the UC Berkeley Study Abroad Office with whom I closely collaborated on both the grant proposal and the study abroad infographic.

Eduardo Huerta

Dual Master’s Candidate, Student Affairs & Public Administration

State University of New York Binghamton

MPA-GSO Treasurer

jhuerta1@binghamton.edu

Adios a Service Learning in Peru*

[the what] On June 20, 2015 at midnight, I arrived home from a three week journey to Cusco, Peru on a service-learning and study abroad trip. When I woke up the next morning, I took the longest, hottest shower of my life and went down to greet my family. As I walked downstairs, I found my parents and my sisters waiting for me to regale them with crazy stories from my time in a foreign country. They prompted me with, “how was it?” to which I replied, “it was incredible,” and that was all. Apart from a horrible, vomit-filled story of me paragliding off a cliff in the Andes, and of course, the awe of seeing Machu Picchu, after about five minutes, I found myself having really nothing else to say. Everyone seemed confused and slightly concerned. “Well, did you have fun?”, my parents prompted. Fun? It felt like such an odd word to use, and I told them as much. “What? So you didn’t have fun?”, they responded. But it wasn’t that I didn’t have fun on the trip; that really wasn’t it at all. In fact, I had such a great time, and it was probably the most amazing experience of my entire life. Yet, to call the trip “fun” seems to miss the entire purpose of the trip.

[so what] I went on the trip to Peru to learn more about sustainable development in a new country, practice my Spanish, and meet new people and live in a place that was much different from the place I call home. What I got out of the trip was much more than that. I have seen things in Peru that I never thought I would ever see. Snow-capped peaks, ancient civilizations, extravagant outdoor religious celebrations, salt mines on the side of a mountain. All of these things were intriguing, exciting, and beautiful. However, I also saw a lot of other things during my time in Peru. Plastic bottles jamming up rivers. Children running around with no shoes. Old women begging for coins on the side of the street, carrying all of their belongings on their back. Extreme poverty. And that was hard for me. I don’t think of myself as living a very sheltered life in the States, but I also don’t think anything could have prepared me for seeing the poverty and despair that has struck many of the towns and villages we visited on our travels. Even as someone working in public service, the truth was hard to swallow. I wanted to have a “fun” time in Peru, but I couldn’t seem to ignore the reality that was in front of me. That was, until we visited the three service sites at which we worked.

The organizations Abrepuertas and Corazón de Dahlia and the comedor (dining hall) Virgen de Fatima all worked extremely hard to tackle local development and make life better for everyone in their communities. Seeing the optimism, good spirits, and faith of the directors, leaders, and workers at all three of these sites was not only reassuring, but also incredibly empowering. The community leaders, most of whom were women, worked tirelessly and selflessly for the betterment of their societies. Being a part of that experience was inspiring and motivating.

2.Making Watia

[now what] Tomorrow I am moving to Boston, Massachusetts to start an internship at an environmental nonprofit. Having come fresh off the trip, I feel I can bring a lot of the experiences I’ve had in Peru to the internship and my work in public service. Now, no problem seems too large to tackle. When faced with a situation that seems unjust, unfair, and utterly hopeless, I know that I can call upon the lessons learned from the strong community leaders in Peru and work my way through it. So, while I may not describe my trip to Peru as “fun,” I would definitely call it the most rewarding, eye-opening, and inspiring experience of my life. I now feel excited to work on new problems, and know that my work in public service is only just beginning.

Dina Truncali

Master of Public Administration (MPA) Graduate Student

* This CCPA blog series is by CCPA graduate students participating in the Peru International Service Learning Program led by CCPA Professors Susan Appe and Nadia Rubaii. The blog series allows participating graduate students to reflect on their experiences during their time in Peru in June 2015, using a what, so what, now what? model (see: Rolfe, G., Freshwater, D., Jasper, M. (2001). Critical Reflection in Nursing and the Helping Professions: a User’s Guide. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)

A View From The Top: Local Government in the Andes.*

[the what] Coming to Peru I was most excited and anxious to talk to locals about the politics and government systems in place and how they felt about them. Doing research before arriving, I discovered that Peru had a long history of corrupt politicians and a large and very powerful central government that did not seem to be working for the citizens of Peru (this is true in many countries around the world!). Due to years of corruption under previous presidents such as Fujimori, who had been charged and convicted of human rights violations among other things, it seemed like Peru was on the right track, electing Ollanta Humala, who ran on a leftist platform, promising to reform government, stop mining and give power back to localities to better serve the people. I was really excited to hear how much things had changed since the times of Fujimori. However, what I have heard from most people I speak to here in Peru is that many people feel the new administration has been ¨more of the same¨ and very little has actually changed. When I asked My host Mom, Leonor, about the campaign promises that President Humala had made she said ¨that it was nothing more than propaganda, he has done nothing for Cusco¨ in particular. I was stunned, expecting that this would be a pleasant conversation about the good outcomes of decentralization, it quickly turned into a wakeup call. The political realities of the rural municipalities became abundantly clear after visiting our service sites of Abre Puertas in Coya, Corazon de Dahlia in Saylla and Comedor Virgen De Fatima in the outskirts of Cusco.

View of Cusco
View of Cusco

[so what] After hearing the opinions of the few people I spoke with I thought, wow there are so many problems and promises that have been broken to the Peruvian people, how will they ever more forward? I quickly realized that the culture here has a fierce sense of community and people truly take care of one another and their families. Even though there are various economic and social issues in Peru and more specifically Cusco, I learned through working with our service partners how resilient communities are and how they find solutions to difficult problems by working together. When volunteering at Abre Puertas in Coya, a rural community in the sacred valley of Cusco, we spoke to the Mayor and many other offices in the Municipality about the biggest obstacles they faced and how they dealt with them. They expressed that their budgets were far from enough to cover all the need in their community but they tried their best to promote the programs that were available them by speaking directly with the locals. They had one specific program to promote hygiene, environmental protection and reduced waste where the office literally had no budget, however they worked with individual families and neighborhoods to educate them on these issues and get volunteers to help out. The Mayor said they often have to compete for grants for certain projects but he seemed optimistic and proud about the work they were doing and the possibilities of the future.

AbrePuertas in Coya
AbrePuertas in Coya

[now what] All of the conversations with the Municipality and later with the staff at Corazon De Dahlia at our second service site inspired me as someone who will soon be working in public service. It has taught me that no matter the difficulty in any situation there is always a way to bring about positive change, especially when you bring the people you are trying to serve in the conversation. It is important for me to see how the public service value of collaboration in particular is key in any project and it takes many hand and minds for it to be successful. Working in Peru, which has such a deep history and robust culture, I have also learned that it is essential to be adaptable and conscious of the customs and beliefs of every place, neighborhood and community. As I continue to work on our last service project I constantly think about the impact we are making here and how long our efforts will go in terms of growing and helping these organizations, also keeping in mind the growth and experience they are giving us in return. I’m excited to continue to speak to locals and people who work or have worked in local government to learn more about the complexities of different systems and how they function, affect the people, and prevail.

Diana Reyes

Master of Social Work (MSW) and Master of Public Administration (MPA) Dual Degree Student

* This CCPA blog series is by CCPA graduate students participating in the Peru International Service Learning Program led by CCPA Professors Susan Appe and Nadia Rubaii. The blog series allows participating graduate students to reflect on their experiences during their time in Peru in June 2015, using a what, so what, now what? model (see: Rolfe, G., Freshwater, D., Jasper, M. (2001). Critical Reflection in Nursing and the Helping Professions: a User’s Guide. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)

Collaborating with MPA Alum Arsen Stepanyan in Armenia

Recently I had the opportunity to visit with MPA alum, Arsen Stepanyan (MPA 2014) in Yerevan, Armenia. The trip was made possible through the support of Muskie Mentor/Advisor Exchange (MAX) Program, funded by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the U.S. Department of State and implemented by IREX (International Research & Exchanges Board), Save the Children International’s Armenia Country Office and the Department of Public Administration at Yerevan State University. While Arsen was a student in the MPA program, we immediately hit it off and saw common interests. Arsen came into the program with many years of working in international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). During his time at CCPA, we spent afternoons in my office talking about topics from civil society legislation to NGO advocacy. Since he has graduated, we have keep up the communication and always intended to find ways to continue to work together.

armenia-local

Arsen is the Country Director for Save the Children. Save the Children has been working in Armenia for 20 years, delivering more than $50 million in relief and development programs to the most vulnerable children and their families. Save the Children focuses on health, education and social initiatives to improve basic conditions of the poorest populations in Armenia. It seeks to engage in community-based projects and capacity building of local partners and institutions.

Arsen being interviewed by Radio Liberty about NGO legislation in Armenia at the  The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), March 25, 2015
Arsen being interviewed by Radio Liberty about NGO legislation in Armenia at the The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), March 25, 2015

My trip to Armenia was my first time in the country; and it was busy! Arsen planned talks, workshops, meetings, and cultural events in the capital city of Yerevan, where he is based. I visited two universities. At each university I gave a short talk titled “Issues of government and civil society interaction: Role of nonprofit managers.” The first was a Slavonic University. When I walked into the university building, it was during a 20 minute break in between classes and Jimmy Buffet’s Margaritaville was blasting; this definitely made me smile. I spoke to a group of about 35 students packed into a small, but functional room. I liked Arsen’s strategy to this talk—these are language majors with seriously strong English skills and they were considering diplomacy work as careers in Armenia. He wants to snag them into the nonprofit sector. Prior to visiting Slavonic University, Arsen had described to me that he wanted more well-trained, and yes idealistic, nonprofit leaders who could rise up to be strong middle management in an organization like Save the Children. Students had great questions and might even had been convinced that public service in NGOs is a good option—and perhaps even consider coming to Binghamton’s MPA program.

At the second university, Yerevan State University, I met with the Director of its International Office and faculty from its MPA program. There, I gave the talk to about 40 students—both undergraduate and MPA students. Again, I was able to share information about Binghamton’s MPA program. Like Binghamton, Yerevan State University is also internationalizing. I spoke with faculty and students information about CCPA’s international research, highlighting our in-house international programs which include service learning and language immersion in Cusco, Peru; the study of contemporary China in Shenzhen, China and as well as developing programs for faculty and student exchanges in Colombia and Turkey.

Arsen and I also conducted two workshops. At The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), we gave a workshop titled: “CSO legislation reform: Implications for international, humanitarian and social service organizations.” This was a great conversation among Armenian and international NGOs as well as UN agencies. In addition, we convened a group of Armenia NGO professionals at the Eurasia Partnership Foundation for a workshop titled “Developing CSO coalitions and networks (federations) for NGO legislation reform.” The workshop spurred a meaningful discussion among colleagues working in the NGO sector in Armenia. At the end of the workshop, a plan for a next meeting was set up to continue the conversation.

Arsen speaking to his fellow NGO professionals at the Eurasia Partnership Foundation March 25, 2015
Arsen speaking to his fellow NGO professionals at the Eurasia Partnership Foundation March 25, 2015

In addition to these events, I had the opportunity to meet many new colleagues. I met the Peace Corps Armenia Country Director and the Community and Youth Development Program Officer for coffee with Arsen. At the meeting, Arsen proposed many ideas to promote nonprofit leadership and a culture of volunteerism in Armenia. As a former Peace Corps Volunteer myself (Macadonia 2001; Bolivia 2002-2004), it was great to hear about what Peace Corps Armenia is doing with its Armenian counterparts—developing a culture of volunteerism was included and this was especially of interest to Arsen. In addition, I met Zhanna Harutyunyan (MPA graduate 2012). I had never met Zhanna but my colleagues here at CCPA have often spoken about her and her energy. Now I know why! She is doing amazing work at the United Nations Development Program as a Project Expert. Traveling often to the rural areas of Armenia, she is building capacity in women community leadership and encouraging women to run for local government office. She reminisced about her time at Binghamton, smiling about her fellow MPA students there and reflected on her fond memories of the coursework in the MPA program. This was really nice to hear. Arsen also, in many of our public speaking events, noted how enriched his career is as a result of the the Binghamton MPA program. He highlighted the program’s ability to take theory into practice in almost all of his classes—from the decision making associated with the Philanthropy Incubator classes to analyzing local government budgets in our Budgeting and Financial Management course. He highlighted that Binghamton MPA students are constantly in the field gaining skills and competencies to complement what is done the classroom.

In addition to these wonderful professional exchanges, I of course was exposed to Armenia. When Arsen was off being a nonprofit leader, he paired me up with a smart, helpful undergraduate volunteer for Save the Children. Mane Hovhannisyan, a linguistic major, accompanied me to almost all events, took pictures, translated for me when needed (often!), and even helped me pick out a gift for my sister and a rug for a friend!! She was a wonderful addition to my week. One of the cultural highlights was when I went to see with Mane the Armenian opera, Anoush, at the Armenian National Opera Theater.

I can report that my trip to Armenia was both professionally and personally rewarding. First, I saw our alum, Arsen Stepanyan, in his element. He has become a true nonprofit sector leader in Armenia, engaging his colleagues in sector reflection and pushing the sector to advocate for itself and the people it serves. Seeing our alum so closely ‘in the field’ makes me want to visit all of our alum! From down the street in Binghamton to Colombia and Armenia, I have been able to see what great work they are doing and hope to have the opportunity to visit many more. In addition, as a researcher who often focuses on Latin America;  going to Armenia indeed broadened my perspective on issues facing NGOs. NGO leaders in all contexts are working hard to better explain their role in social development. Not only was I able to share experiences from Latin America; but I too was able to learn from the experiences of Arsen and his colleagues. Just like when I return from Latin America after working with NGOs there, having returned Armenia, I am inspired by the work, commitment, and leadership of NGO leaders like Arsen and his colleagues.

Many thanks to Arsen for a wonderful week of collaboration! I look forward to working more with Arsen, with NGOs leaders from Armenia and beyond, and with further MPA alum!

In solidarity, Susan Appe

Assistant Professor
Department of Public Administration
College of Community and Public Affairs

 

A Day in the Life of a Binghamton University MPA Alum

For the past year, I have been the Director of Recruitment and Internship Placement for the Department of Public Administration in the College of Community and Public Affairs. It’s a great job. On the recruitment side, I get to speak with bright, energetic young people who are interested in making a difference in the world. On the internship side, I help second year MPA students narrow their career interests and navigate internship options. From prospect to MPA student to intern to smartypants MPA grad. Seriously gratifying work.

When I am at a graduate school fair or other event, one of the most common questions I am asked is: What can I do with an MPA?

My usual answer is: you can use your career to make a positive difference in society. And that is true. But here’s the short of it: We get stuff done.

Our program specializes in local government management, nonprofit management, and sustainability. While 3% of our alumni go on to work in the federal service, many more work in regional nonprofit organizations and at the state or local levels of government. Often we look at local within a global perspective, and we now offer study abroad programs with China, Peru, Hungary, and Turkey.

Recently, I caught up with Heidi Kowalchyk, MPA ‘07 to find out more about her work.

Local Government: Where the Action Is

Heidi is a Contract Management Analyst in the Department of Economic Development and Planning for Suffolk County, New York. She had worked in the Greater Binghamton region before deciding to attend the college’s MPA program. After graduation she moved to Long Island when her husband, John (MPA ’05) was offered a position with the Town of Brookhaven. Heidi found out about the opening through a friend who also worked for the county.

I asked Heidi a series of questions about the nature of her work in local government. I was pleased to see that her experiences reinforced the advice we often give to students (“network, network, network!”) and that the program prepared her well for the challenging work that she does every day.

How would you describe a typical day?

My day includes managing the contract process for grants that Suffolk County gives to local non-profit organizations and municipalities.  I approve budgets for grants, insure contract agencies have submitted the proper documentation for contracts, and audit expenditures. I communicate via phone and email with contract agencies to help them go through the contract process.  I provide a training seminar every year in contracting with Suffolk County.  In addition, I develop and manage timelines and grant application processes; and act as staff support for advisory committees.

What skills or knowledge from the MPA program prepared you for your current position?

Skills and knowledge learned in the MPA program that help me in my current position include:  performance measurement, decision making, ethics, government budgeting, writing skills, and grants management.

What do you like most about your job?

The part of my job that I like the most is my interaction with community members.  I see my role as that of helping local community groups get the money they need to conduct programs that make Long Island a better place to live.  I always have a better day when I feel like I have helped someone.

 What advice would you give to students with an interest in working in local government?  

Take lots of civil service tests and keep taking them even after you get hired. During your time as a student, apply for internships in local government to give you a sample of what it is like.

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This fall, we graduated our 407th student. Next year the department will celebrate the 20th anniversary of the conferral of MPA degrees at Binghamton (we originated from the Political Science department). Keep an eye on The Greater Good as we make plans to celebrate the success of our alumni and our program (and watch for falling confetti!).

Joann Lindstrom, MPA ’07
Director of Recruitment & Internship Placement
Department of Public Administration
Binghamton University

Reflections on 5 Months in Colombia

Earlier this year, I had the honor of being a Fulbright Scholar to Colombia. From January through May of 2014, while on sabbatical from Binghamton University, I worked at Pontificia Univeridad Javeriana in Bogotá, where I taught a graduate Seminar in Public Management to municipal leaders from all regions of the country and conducted research on the recent evolution of graduate level public affairs education in Colombia. The experience was rewarding on so many levels and can be measured in terms of the new friendships I established, my personal research productivity during the period, vast improvements in my Spanish language abilities, a pending formal agreement between the two universities, and the multitude of subsequent professional collaborations that have arisen as a result. There are many opportunities and motivations to build on the professional relations and activities and thus they have understandably received the bulk of my attention since my return. What has been less incentivized and thus easier for me to neglect is deliberate reflection on the experience and how it affected me on a more personal level.

International travel is not new to me, evolving from family vacations as a child, the tourist excursions as an adult, and international conference presentations and consulting activities as an adult. I have had opportunities to visit countries throughout the Americas (North, Central and South), Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa, for periods of a few days to a month. The Fulbright experience was the first time I lived for an extended period outside of the United States. Living there and having the benefit of the professional networks afforded by my Fulbright scholarship and my host institution in Colombia afforded me a very different experience than any prior travels. To be sure, I was still a foreigner (even though I could pass for Colombian in many contexts and when people pegged me as being a foreigner, they more often guessed I was from Brazil than the United States!). A foreigner yes, but not a tourist or a visitor just passing through.

I had the good fortune of being in Colombia at a fascinating point in the country’s history, with progress being made in peace negotiations that have the real potential to put an end to more than 50 years of armed conflict, and campaigns and elections for both the national legislature and the presidency for which peace was understandably a central issue. I took advantage of every opportunity to talk with people about these issues; I asked questions of my students, other professors, taxi drivers, neighbors, store clerks, and people I met in the park while walking my dog (yes, I took my dog with me). Beyond what I learned from these casual conversations, two experiences profoundly influenced my thinking about these issues.

During my first week at Javeriana, as part of the orientation for the College of Political Science and International Relations, I learned that one professor had recently secured approval for a new program to teach classes to ex-combatants of the National Liberation Army or Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) guerrilla group in a prison in Medellin as a way to improve their chances for constructive re-integration in society upon their release. I expressed interest in learning more about the program. Rather than merely providing me documents about the program, the Dean offered me the opportunity to co-teach a day-long course on local government as part of the program. Meeting these men in the prison and spending a day teaching them, learning from them and sharing meals with them challenged many of my preconceived images. Were it not for the multiple levels of security through which we had to pass in order to enter the designated area for the ELN prisoners, I could have been in a classroom in any university anywhere in the world. Were it not for the knowledge of the types of offenses committed by ELN guerillas, I could have been with any small group of highly engaged and dedicated students (they did the assigned readings and were prepared to discuss them critically and apply them to their experiences). Were it not for environment in which me met and the formal nature of our class meeting, I could have been at a gathering of friends and family. These were individuals who, under different circumstances, could have been my students, colleagues, friends or relatives. They were thoughtful and reflective; they were neither apologetic nor dogmatic; they were committed to bettering their communities and their country; they chose methods that I and the standards of society deem unacceptable, but they were not bad people. I left the prison that day feeling more conflicted and having a better sense of the complexity of the issues.

I was also able to accompany a group of student volunteers from Javeriana and their faculty leader for a two-day visit to Barrancabermeja, the site of a 1998 massacre of innocent civilians in the clash between guerrilla and para-military groups, and then up the Magdalena River to the village of San Pablo, another community that was the site of extensive violence in recent years. In both communities, I was able to learn about their tragic histories and see the wonderful work that volunteers from Javeriana University are doing as they engage in community projects through the Jesuit Refugee Services organization. Much more than reading statistics, visiting these sites makes their histories come alive.

There is not space in this post to delve into how these experiences have shaped my thinking as a teacher, scholar or human being. Suffice it to say for the purposes of this blog entry that the influences were profound. I have a great appreciation for value of being in another country as more than a tourist or short-term visitor. I have a strong desire to experience this again in other parts of Colombia or in other parts of the world. I also hope that many of my students and colleagues have similar opportunities and I look forward to hearing about their experiences when they do.

Nadia Rubaii, ’85, MA ’87, PhD ’91 (Political Science)

Associate Professor, Public Administration